Mark Bohr, Intel Senior Fellow, Technology and Manufacturing Group discusses moving Intel's 65nm semiconductor process technology to manufacturing in this 2005 interview. Topics covered include: The production ramp and shipping of their first dual core microprocessors. Scale of a typical manufacturing ramp at Intel including ramping a process at multiple fabs. Intel’s R&D pipeline. How long it takes to develop an IC from early research to manufacturing and the effort needed. How it compares to their 90nm node on performance, leakage, and power. The use of multiple transistor types to address products ranging from CPUs to cell phones and how they have to be designed differently for the end application they are targeted at. Speed-Power tradeoffs for P1265 versus the P1264 process. Compares yield ramps between 0.18 micron, 0.13 micron, 90nm and 65nm process manufacturing ramps.